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The Hindu calendar system is based upon the motion of the moon.  Each lunar year comprises twelve months.  The lunar year comprises 354 days, compared to 365 ¼ days of the Gregorian calendar, which is based on the solar system.

This gap increases to a month over a period of three years.  For this reason, the Hindu lunar calendar has an extra month every three years, named Adhik.

The month of Adhik is considered to be more auspicious, and is referred to as the month of Purushottam, Bhagwan.  Those observing extra penance, bhakti and benevolence during this month gain extra blessings from God and their sins are washed away.  During this month auspicious events such as weddings are avoided.

The counting of the years of the Hindu calendar commenced from the birth of King Vikram Samvat.  It is for this reason that Hindu dates are prefixed with VS, to define Vikram Samvat.

 

The Hindu months and the Gregorian calendar months are as follows:

 

1

Kartik         

October

November

2

Magsar         

November

December

3

Posh          

December

January

4

Maha           

January

February

5

Falgun         

February

March

6

Chaitra        

March

April

7

Vaishakh       

April

May

8

Jeth

May

June

9

Ashadh         

June

July

10

Shravan         

July

August

11

Bhadarvo

August

September

12

Aaso            

September

October

 

Chronological List of Festivals

 

Festivals

Hindu Months

Gregorian Months

Makar Sakranti

14thday (B.H.)Maha 

January

Vasant Panchmi, Shikshapatri Jayanti

5thday (B.H.), Maha 

January/February

Maha Shivratri

14thday (D.H.), Maha 

January/February

NarNarayan Jayanti, Holi

15thday (B.H.), Falgun 

February/March

Swaminarayan Jayanti, Ramnavmi

9thday (B.H.), Chaitra

March/April

Rath Yatra

2ndday (B.H.), Ashadh

June/July

Chaturmas

11thday (B.H.), Ashadh

June/July

Hindola

2ndday (D.H.), Ashadh

June/July

Rakshabandhan

Last day (B.H.), Shravan

July/August

Janmashtami

8thday (D.H.), Shravan

July/August

Ganesh Choth

4thday (B.H.), Bhadarvo

August/September

Rushi Panchmi

5thday (B.H.), Bhadarvo

August/September

Jal Jilni

11thday (B.H.), Bhadarvo

August/September

Vaman Jayanti

12thday (B.H.), Bhadarvo

August/September

Sharad Poonam

Last day (B.H.), Aaso 

September/October

Dhan Teras

13thday (D.H.), Aaso

October/November

Kali Chaudas

14thday (D.H.), Aaso

October/November

Diwali

Last day (D.H.), Aaso

October/November

Ankoot

1stday (B.H.), Kartik

October/November

Bhai Beej

2ndday (B.H.), Kartik

October/November

Tulsi Vivaha

11thday (B.H.), Kartik

October/November

Dhanurmas

2ndday (B.H.), Magsar

November/December

 

 

 

Key: B.H.=Bright Half,

 

 

        D.H.=Dark Half